Changing where the navigation is placed in Twenty Seventeen

Twenty Seventeen header

I has annoyed me for a while now that the Twenty Seventeen theme places the next/previous links at the bottom of the page under the comments. This stops people being able to easily see the next and previous articles, especially if there are comments.

Twenty Seventeen - Navigation2

Changing where the navigation is placed in Twenty Seventeen

Luckily it turns out they are quite simple to move. There is a file in the Twenty Seventeen theme called single.php that directs where things are on your post page. In that file there is this block of code.

Twenty Seventeen navigation code


Which looks terribly confusing but all it really says is run the next and previous post links and format them with a post title and an arrow. It looks pretty good and you don’t have to change the code at all. Just copy and paste it into a different part of the file.

(You should only do this in a child theme. If you don’t know what one is go here!)

So, having created your single.php file in your child theme, open it in a text editor and paste in the code from your parent theme. Identify the navigation block ( as you are better to copy and paste from your own theme in case there are problems with the code block above ) and copy it and paste it in a different place. Put a comment in to show what you have done above where you have pasted it. Comments start with //.

I left mine at the base of the comments and then placed a copy of the code under get_template_part( 'template-parts/post/content', get_post_format() ); which means there will be another previous/next link showing at the end of my post above the comments.

Twenty Seventeen - Navigation

KDE neon Google Drive setup

Google Drive

Setting up Google Drive access in KDE neon is very simple.

Installing Google Drive

Open Konsole and type,

sudo apt-get install kio-gdrive

Then, once it has installed,  open your menu and go to System Settings. You should find a new feature under Personalisation called Online Accounts. Clicking the plus sign in this will allow you to enter your Google credentials and password and authorise KDE to access your Google Drive.

After setup a window should open showing your files. I bookmarked it by highlighting and dragging the address left into my Places. If you forget to do that you can always access it by typing,

gdrive:/<insert your email address here>/

into the address bar of Dolphin.

If you are unable to find your photos on the Drive you will need to adjust some settings in the Drive so that it backs up your photos.  If you are unable to see photos you have uploaded to the Drive then you need to activate it in Google Photos.

Te Araroa 2016/2017 Blog and Video roundup

Te Araroa - Richmond Ranges

One of the things I did when investigating doing Te Araroa 2016/2017 was go through the old blogs and videos that people had made. Many of the blogs can be found on the website but the videos were a little harder to find. Hopefully having many of them in one place will make it easier for others. It will be nice to look back on as well.

Where helpful I have tried to link to the start of blogs instead of just peoples home page. If anyone runs across ones they think should be added then send me a message in the comments.

Te Araroa 2016/2017


Alex Mason

Alexa Wolf & Andrew Hubbard

Amiththan Sebarajah

Andrea Hidalgo

Anthony Page


Belinda & Tony

Bettina Grotschel

Blair Telford

Brittney & Jacob

Cailean Mac Gillebhrath

Caitlyn Peesker

Camino Te Araroa

Daisy Milton

Dan Lee

Denis Houdek

Erin Saver

Frances Boyson

Gail and Neil Marshall

Hauke & Jule

Henek Tomson

Jasper Jarecki, Sam Bartusek, Will Shepard and Jack Durham

Jasper van der Meij

Joel Henton

Jonathan Moake

Julia Wilmanns and Hauke Gerdes

Karma Forester

Ken Durham (Coach)

Kevin Murphy

Laura Creswell

Creswell Adventures on the Te Araroa from Laura Creswell on Vimeo.

Lindsay Moore

Luna, the Te Araroa hiking unicorn

Lyra Kane

Mark Kerr

Martin Zirkle

Michael Deckebach

Michelle Campbell and Jack Faulkner

Naresh Kumar

Nigel Christmas

Ollie Crudge

Quinn Workun

Quent Zerpo


Red Walks Te Araroa

Rob Wisnouckas

Robin and Chloe


Sandro Koster

Sara Salvaged

Shelley Butt

Stefan Marwick

Tane Harre

Terrestrial Nomad Podcast

Tom Oakley and Luke Abendroth

Warwick Ross

Zachary Jabin


Te Araroa 2016/2017

KDE neon – Post installation review

KDE neon default desktop

KDE neon is not so much a distribution as a rapidly updated version of Ubuntu 16.04 with KDE as the desktop and it isn’t bad at all. I haven’t had much luck with KDE for a while, Kubuntu annoyed me and I just couldn’t seem to get my first distribution openSUSE to work properly. So far it is going very well though so I thought I would give a run through of my basic post installation to help others.

I say post installation as I clicked;

  • Download updates while installing neon
  • Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware, Flash, MP3 and other media

during install which made things a lot easier.

There are a couple of things I have found annoying. The KDE software installer, Discover,  isn’t the greatest. It doesn’t recognise some things on search and you have to swap back to command line install sometimes but that isn’t much of a chore really. You only have to install once after all.

KDE neon – Post installation


The first thing to do is update just to make sure you have everything. KDE’s terminal is called Konsole and the easiest way to find it is to click on the menu of the bottom left and type konsole. It is generally a good idea to right click on the icon and choose add to favourites as well. This makes it quicker to find.

sudo apt update

KDE neon update

sudo apt upgrade

KDE neon upgrade


While that is updating I usually arrange my widgets on the desktop. Widgets are handy little programs that can be placed on the Plasma Desktop.

In a default install the KDE neons Plasma Desktop you can choose them by placing your mouse in the top left corner of the screen, clicking once for the dropdown and then again on add widgets.

Click on and drag any widget you want onto the desktop. I like the Folder View, Trash and Network Monitor widgets. There are many others though.

After choosing and arranging your widgets to your liking click on the dropdown again and choose lock widgets to lock them in place.


KDE neon comes with few applications installed, which I really like. A lot of desktops are too cluttered with everything you might want instead of everything you actually needed.

I installed; Amarok, Backintime, Calligra, Chrome, Digikam, GIMP, Kontact, Krita and Netbeans which fulfilled my needs.

Of these only Chrome and GIMP aren’t KDE applications. And GIMP I only installed as I am used to it. Krita probably would have worked fine. It doesn’t actually matter if you mix and match KDE and Gnome (etc) but I was trying for a KDE desktop.

Most of them I installed on Discover, the KDE software manager, but some of them wouldn’t turn upon it so had to install them via Konsole using,

sudo apt install <insert software here>

Discover still needs some work I think……


KDE neon is great for setting up filesharing. The only hold up was again Discover. In the end I used Konsole again.

sudo apt-get install samba kdenetwork-filesharing

After installing you can right click on a folder and choose “Properties” and there will be a “Sharing” tab to set up sharing that folder.


Although all the codecs I need were installed by selecting “Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware, Flash, MP3 and other media” I installed msttcorefonts with Konsole in order to get fonts like Arial.

sudo apt install msttcorefonts

Accept the licenses.

KDE neon review

I have been using it as my Desktop for four days now and it is fantastic. I had forgotten who easy and configurable KDE is. There have been no crashes. Everything is fairly rock solid. I recommend it.

$20 Billion investment in the New Zealand Defence Force

New Zealand

In July of 2016 the Minister of Defence Gerry Brownlee released a defence white paper outlining future spending. Part of this spending was a $20 Billion investment over 10 years in the New Zealand Defence Force. How bizarre.

We live in a country where the chances of being attacked are negligible. To quote the same white paper,

“New Zealanders can remain confident that the country does not face a direct military threat in the foreseeable future.”

To give you an idea of how bizarre this is, the current deaths of New Zealanders due to military action over the last 10 years is 10. That includes us in countries as far away as Afghanistan.

Military Budget vs Suicide

The deaths of New Zealanders over the last ten years, due to suicide, is over 5000. That makes the percentage of suicide deaths to military deaths to be 0.002%.

In 2017 the government budgeted an extra $100 million for metal health services. There was no mention of suicide in the budget speech, yet there was $576 million for Defence Force upgrades.

This seems strange to me. There were 35 New Zealand soldiers killed during the Vietnam War. If we extrapolate that to 10 years instead of 8 that would be 44 soldiers killed. If we look at all the military casualties since World War Two there are 149. That is 0.0298% of our suicide rate over the last ten years.

To extrapolate again, you have only a slightly lower chance of being killed in New Zealand by your own hand than you have of dying serving in another country in our armed forces (0.0011% vs 0.0015%).

What is wrong with our governance?

I say governance here because it isn’t a single party issue. Both Labour and National have failed to deal with the problem of suicide over multiple years and multiple governments.

Both have repeatedly failed to deal with suicide in New Zealand.

I know that we will never get suicide down to 0. Well, I certainly don’t see how. It should, however, be our constant aim.

Imagine if we could spend $4,000,000 on each of these people. What a difference that would make. Well, that is the choice our government made when it decided to invest $20 Billion  over the next 10 years in the Defence Force instead of investing in New Zealanders.

New Zealand suicide rate vs OECD

The High Court judgement and the Kitteridge Report

High Court

News came out today that the surveillance on Kim Dotcom has been ruled illegal by the High Court. There are a couple of points of interest in this.

One is that the decision was made in December of 2016 and has been delayed until now. This is sparking speculation that the decision was the cause of John Key’s resignation on December the 5th of 2016.

Another is that the GCSB has said that,

“….it has not proved possible to to please to the allegations the plaintiffs have made without revealing information which would jeopardise the national security of New Zealand.”

This, in my view, would point to the methods of intercepting the information involving another country and its surveillance systems. Last month the Herald reported,The GCSB documents do contain an admission of NSA involvement, although it was not made outright. which would seem to agree with that viewpoint.

A third point of interest is that in the High Court judgement the GCSB seems to contradict the outcomes of the Kitteridge report of 2013.

That report was the result of an investigation into the legal compliance of the GCSB between 2003 and 2012. The report states that during that period the GCSB was confused as to the illegality of spying because of the multiple laws it was operating under.

“The fact that the issue had not been identified during the preceding ten years (except for the question raised by the Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security in May 2012) reinforces the point that the interplay between the two Acts is not straightforward.”

This was the get out of jail free card for the intelligence services. In response to Russel Normans request for a criminal investigation over illegally spying on Kim Dotcom and Ban Van der Kolk the police responded with,

“As for the issue of criminal intent, it cannot be established that any GCSB staff had the necessary criminal intent to illegally intercept private communications in this case and the GCSB staff cannot be criminally liable”

Or in other words, they believed they spied legally on Kim Dotcom and Ban Van der Kolk. Thus there was no intent.

But there were 85 other cases identified in the Kitteridge report.

“During that period GCSB provided 55 instances of assistance to NZSIS, which potentially involved 85 New Zealand citizens or permanent residents.”

And the High Court decision released today clearly shows that there was widespread knowledge amongst GCSB staff that they were not allowed to spy on New Zealanders. In the words of the judgement, in 2011,

“Foreigners were highlighted in green, indicating they could be tasked. Those who might be New Zealanders (and other protected persons), were highlighted in red, indicating the could not be tasked.”

This means that in the 85 cases of New Zealand citizens or permanent residents, GCSB staff did have criminal intent and should be prosecuted by the New Zealand Police.

Public Holidays and the Separation of Church and State

Public Holidays

In 2017 there are 11 public holidays, 4 of which could be considered religious holidays. These are,

  • Friday 14 April — Good Friday
  • Monday 17 April — Easter Monday
  • Monday 25 December — Christmas Day
  • Tuesday 26 December — Boxing Day

This has always struck me as rather strange and unfair. I have always considered Church and State to have been separated in New Zealand. But, if I look a little deeper, it really isn’t. Public holidays are just one example. Watching the Speaker of the House pray to God at the start of a parliamentary session is a better one.

To nail the point home completely, our Queen is also the Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

What has this got to do with Public Holidays?

Well, we are supposed to be a religiously diverse society. The State designating only Christian based holidays is at odds with that. In fact, if I was religious, I would find it downright annoying. Why do I have to take days off for somebody else’s religious festival?

Over 40% of people in New Zealand identify with no religion at all. Why do they have to change their lives, close their business, and follow the Christian calendar. Perhaps they would prefer to go to Bathurst every year. Or schedule an extended family meetup. Maybe Maori would like to follow Iwi gatherings?

Instead of sticking solely to the Christian calendar. Why don’t we give people a choice? At the start of each year you specify what days your holidays will be on. You can’t change them once you have chosen as they are statutory holidays. But you can place them where ever you want in the year.

This would seem to be a much fairer way than what we have now.


Because New Zealand has lived under the Christian calendar for so long, there would be some problems.

What would happen when the owner of a business was one religion and the workers another? Could workers take holidays so as to maximise advantage in the workplace? All these things, and more, would have to be worked out.

In the end, we should remember that religious and ethical beliefs are not grounds for discrimination under the Human Rights Act (there are some exemptions for employers). The government forcing religious holidays on you and not recognising your own would seem to me to be discrimination.

Installing Discord on Linux Lite 3.4

Discord logo

Discord is a voice and text chat application aimed at gamers but can be used by anyone. Is is currently available on Firefox, Opera, Chrome, Android, iPhone, Windows, OSX, and Linux….Basically everywhere. There is also a tutorial for installing on Fedora 25 here.

Installing Discord on Linux Lite 3.4 is easy

  1. Go to this webpage, click on ‘Download for Linux’ and then ‘deb’ to download the installer.
  2. Go to the folder it downloaded into, right click and select ‘Open Terminal Here’.
  3. In the terminal type sudo dpkg -i discord-0.0.1.deb (replacing discord-0.0.1.deb with the name of the file you downloaded).
  4. Press enter and type your administrative password.
  5. Wait for it to install and then close the terminal.
  6. Open the ‘Menu’ on the left base of screen and type ‘discord’, press enter and it will start.

On my system it seemed to use a lot of resources on first start but after updating itself it worked just fine.

It was created for gamers but is also used by Internet Party NZ for many of it’s internal meetings, voice chat, and group sessions. It allows you to create personal, public and private chat rooms. In general it is much loved.


Anti-vaccination debate – A way forward

anti vaccination debate

The anti-vaccination debate

I have friends and family who believe that vaccination is more dangerous than non vaccination. This has exposed me to many of the posts and counter posts on the internet and, quite frankly, the anti-vaccination debate isn’t getting anywhere.

The are quite a few reasons for this;

Because of this there is claim and counter claim. Outbreaks are being blamed on parents who haven’t vaccinated, governments are starting to ban children from school who haven’t been vaccinated and in some cases make vaccination mandatory.

That isn’t helpful at all. Trying to force people to vaccinate  won’t work. It places people in opposition to the government, decreases trust in the health sector and science.

Imagine being forced to go to a doctor to inject your child 20 times by age 11. Now, imagine having to take your child to a priest to be injected 20 times with god elixir when you’re an atheist who thinks the injection is poison. It simply isn’t going to work.

A way forward

I propose that we listen to people and help them find their own way forward. This isn’t that hard to do and requires far less setup than mandatory vaccination. In doing so I hope we can change the anti-vaccination debate from something negative to something positive.

There are thousands of anti vaccination people in New Zealand alone and far more around the world. If they each put $10 in a crowdfund then they would have the power to create scientific papers on the same scale as the larger pharmaceutical companies. These studies could then critique the other studies using the scientific method under control and paid for by the anti vaccination community.

This would give power to the people concerned, instead of forcibly taking it away. It would introduce them to and inform them of  the science. They could see the results of their efforts. They wouldn’t have to trust a corporation or a government. Maybe they could have a little less fear.

And who knows, maybe the papers will show up errors in the science of the day. Science is always right. It doesn’t matter if it is done by people worried about vaccination or big pharma as long as it is repeatable.






Why are we so worried about terrorism?


Over the last year there have been a huge amount of articles covering terrorism. Nearly all of them international coverage. Deaths from cars, trucks, stabbings. It’s awful. I was in Paris when a man shot some police. The city was chaos with road blocks and the detonation of a suspicious bag in the Metro.

This was during the elections and the Parisians were on high terror alert. The city sounded like a never ending Jason Borne car chase with all the sirens. People were deeply worried about Le Pen and feeling suspected even though they had lived in Paris for 10 years. Desperately concerned about what the election would mean for them.

But this is Paris. Smack bang in the middle of it all.

Meanwhile in New Zealand people are worried about terrorism as well. It is hard not to be when news agencies constantly post terror related articles. They do this because fear sells. They get more hits and sell more advertising through fear mongering.

The government uses fear to fulfil it’s agenda. Massive increases in defence spending, the NZIC budget, the removal of privacy protections in the GCSB Act. All these things have been justified as combating global terrorism, protecting us from the unseen threats that surround us. The shadowy evils that are waiting to pounce.

Fears don’t have to be rational and the fear of terrorism or war in New Zealand isn’t. For instance, the UK travel advice for New Zealand doesn’t even have a link for terrorism.

Why are we so worried about terrorism?


Defence Spending

Prime Minister John Key justified the massive increase in defence spending by pointing out the threats.

“The emergence of ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), heightened tensions in the East and South China seas, increases in military spending across South East Asia, and the rapid evolution and spread of cyber threats are just a few examples,” he said.

Yet the same defence force white paper that the spending was based on states,

“New Zealanders can remain confident that the country does not face a direct military threat in the foreseeable future. ”

And then goes on to advance possible threats that may be more likely to occur. Not much to justify spending an extra $20B over.

New Zealand's biggest threat


NZIC Budget

In Budget 2016, the Government announced an increased funding package for the NZIC of $178.7m over four years. In the words of the government this was,

“for the New Zealand intelligence community to ensure it can provide essential intelligence and security services and remain effective in a rapidly-evolving environment.”

Which can be roughly restated as we don’t have anything to worry about and we have made up a nice sounding sentence in the hopes you won’t ask to many questions. Or possibly, we just changed the law so we can surveil you but there are quite a few of you so we need more money.

At the end of 2014 New Zealand’s terror threat level increased from very low (unlikely) to low (possible but not expected). MFAT


The GCSB Act and associated legislation.

The changes to the GCSB and associated Acts gave the New Zealand government unheralded powers to protect us from terrorism. Yet the last act of terrorism was the Rainbow Warrior bombing in 1985. A full 32 years ago.And a simple search of the news for ‘GCSB threats‘ doesn’t find any reports of them to do with terrorism. Just the usual reports of how they have broken the law, been used to advance politics, and are installing their software in ISP’s in order to ‘better protect us’.

“Unlike many other countries, including our closest neighbour, New Zealand has not recently experienced terrorist attacks or serious, publicly-disclosed security threats.” – Cullen Report 2016


So why are we so worried about terrorism?

In the end there doesn’t appear to be any explanation for why we or our government are so worried about terrorism. It is insane that we spend so much time and energy on it.

It is justified by the use of shadowy threats to the country, people working secretly to destroy us. The problem with this is that it can’t be proven and we can’t disprove it either.

If the government says that 18 people are under watch for suspicion of terrorist links we aren’t allowed to see the reasoning. It is secret. We must trust them. They only want to protect us.

In reality New Zealanders have a greater chance of dying from just about anything else than terrorists. You have a greater chance of killing yourself than you do of being killed by outside forces.  579 people took their own lives last  year. We should be worried about that.

I think in the end it is because we aren’t afraid of things we believe we can control. It is the things that we can’t control that are easiest to fear. It is a pity. There are a lot of things wrong with this country that should gain more of our attention. There are better ways to spend our money.